Articles of a treaty concluded at Fort M'Intosh, the twenty-first dayof January, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five, between theCommissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, ofthe one part, and the Sachems and Warriors of the Wiandot, Delaware, Chippawa, and Ottawa Nations of the other.
The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States in Con-gress assembled, give peace to the Wiandot, Delaware, Chippews.and Ottawa Nations of Indians, on the following conditions:
Three chiefs, one from among the Wiandot, and two from amongthe Delaware nations, shall be delivered up to the Commissioners ofthe United States, to be by them retained till all the prisoners, whiteand black taken by the said nations, or any of them shall be restored.
The said Indian nations do acknowledge themselves and all theirtribes to be under the protection of the United States and of no othersovereign whatsoever.
The boundary line between the United States and the Wiandot andDelaware nations, shall begin at the mouth of the river Cayahoga andrun thence up the said river to the portage between that and the Tus-carawas branch of Meskingum; then down the said branch to the forksat the crossing place above Fort Lawrence; then westerly to the portageof the Big Miami, which runs into the Ohio, at the mouth of whichbranch the fort stood which was taken hv the French in one thousandseven hundred and fifty-two; then along the said portage to the GreatMiami or Ome river, and down the south-east side of the same to itsmouth; thence along the south shore of lake Erie, to the mouth ofCayahoga where it began.
The United States allot all the lands contained within the said linesto the Wiandot and Delaware nations, to live and to hunt on, and tosuch of the Ottawa nation as now live thereon; saving and reservingfor the establishment of trading posts, six miles square at the mouth ofMiami or Ome river, and the same at the portage on that branch ofthe Big Miami which runs into the Ohio, and the same on the lake ofSanduske where the fort formerly stood, and also two miles square oneach side of tbe lower rapids of Sanduske river, which posts and thelands annexed to them, shall be to the use and under the governmentof the United States.
If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being anIndian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands allotted to theWiandot and Delaware nations in this treaty, except on the landsreserved to the United States in the preceding article, such personshall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Indians maypunish him as they please.
The Indians who sign this treaty, as well in behalf of all their tribesas of themselves, do acknowledge the lands east, south and west of thelines described in the third article, so far as the said Indians formerlyclaimed the same, to belong to the United States; and none of theirtribes shall presume to settle upon the same, or any part of it.
The post of Detroit, with a district beginning at the mouth of theriver Rosine, on the west end of lake Erie, and running west six milesup the southern bank of the said river, thence northerly and alwayssix miles west of the strait, till it strikes the lake St. Clair, shall bealso reserved to the sole use of the United States.
In the same manner the post of Michillimachenac with its dependen-cies, and twelve miles square about the same, shall be reserved to theuse of the United States.
If any Indian or Indians shall commit a robbery or murder on anycitizen of the United States, the tribe to which such offenders maybelong, shall be bound to deliver them up at the nearest post, to bepunished according to the ordinances of the United States.
The Commissioners of the United States, in pursuance of the humaneand liberal views of Congress, upon this treaty's being signed, willdirect goods to be distributed among the different tribes for their useand comfort.
It is agreed that the Delaware chiefs, Kelelamand or lieutenant-colonel Henry, Hengue Pushees or the Big Cat, Wicocalind or Captain White Eyes, who took up the hatchet for the United States, and their families, shall be received into the Delaware nation, in the same situation and rank as before the war, and enjoy their due portions of thelands given to the Wiandot and Delaware nations in this treaty, as fullyas if they had not taken part with America, or as any other person orpersons in the said nations.
Daunghquat, his x mark,
Abraham Kuhn, his x mark,
Ottawerreri, his x mark,
Hobocan, his x mark,
Walendightun, his x mark,
Talapoxic, his x mark,
Wingenum his x mark,
Packelant, his x mark,
Gingewanno, his x mark,
Waanoos, his x mark,
Konalawassee, his x mark,
Shawnaqum, his x mark,
Quecookkia, his x mark,
Sam'l J. Atlee,
Jos. Harmar, lieutenant-colonel commandant,
Joseph Nicholas, interpreter,
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